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Moksha , in Balinese Hindu belief, is the possibility of unity with the divine; it is sometimes referred to as nirwana. The moksha definition is to attain the awareness of being free. The first stage of moksha can be experienced in this life itself, but only after attaining Self Realization from a living Gnani Purush Self-Realized one.

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In this stage of moksha, you experience a sense of freedom from unhappiness in this very life. The second stage of moksha is attained when you become free from all your karmas ie: freedom from all attachment of worldly atoms. In Buddhism the term "moksha" is uncommon, but an equivalent term is vimutti , "release".

In the suttas two forms of release are mentioned, namely ceto-vimutti , "deliverance of mind", and panna-vimutti , "deliverance through wisdom" insight. Ceto-vimutti is related to the practice of dhyana, while panna-vimutti is related to the development of insight. According to Gombrich, the distinction may be a later development, which resulted in a change of doctrine, regarding the practice of dhyana to be insufficient for final liberation. With release comes Nirvana Pali: Nibbana , "blowing out", "quenching", or "becoming extinguished" of the fires of the passions and of self-view.

In Jainism , moksha and nirvana are one and the same. It defines moksha as the spiritual release from all karma. Jainism is a Sramanic non-theistic philosophy, that like Hinduism and unlike Buddhism, believes in a metaphysical permanent self or soul often termed jiva. Jaina believe that this soul is what transmigrates from one being to another at the time of death.


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Jaina traditions believe that there exist Abhavya incapable , or a class of souls that can never attain moksha liberation. The ability of women to attain moksha has been historically debated, and the subtraditions with Jainism have disagreed. In the Digambara tradition of Jainism, women must live an ethical life and gain karmic merit to be reborn as a man, because only males can achieve spiritual liberation.

The Sikh concept of mukti moksha is similar to other Indian religions, and refers to spiritual liberation. I desire neither worldly power nor liberation. I desire nothing but seeing the Lord. Says Nanak , I have met my Enticing Lord God; my mind is cooled and soothed - it blossoms forth in joy. Sikhism recommends Naam Simran as the way to mukti, which is meditating and repeating the Naam names of God. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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A term in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism which refers to various forms of emancipation, enlightenment, liberation, and release. For other uses, see Moksha disambiguation. In myths and temples of India and Bali Indonesia, Sarasvati appears with swan. Sarasvati is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, learning and creative arts, while swan is a symbol of spiritual perfection, liberation and moksa.

Three of four paths of spirituality in Hinduism. Each path suggests a different way to moksha. Main article: Vedanta.

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Dharma Concepts. Buddhist texts. Buddhism by country. Main articles: Nirvana and Rebirth Buddhism. Jain prayers.

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Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana. Major figures. Major sects. Diwali Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Samvatsari. Main article: Moksha Jainism. The Buddha tells us that an end to suffering is possible, and it is nirvana.


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Nirvana is a "blowing out", just as a candle flame is wxtinguished in the wind, from our lives in samsara. It does contain such a message to be sure; but more importantly it is an eschatological message. Desire is the cause of suffering because desire is the cause of rebirth; and the extinction of desire leads to deliverance from suffering because it signals release from the Wheel of Rebirth.

Makransky: "The third noble truth, cessation nirodha or nirvana, represented the ultimate aim of Buddhist practice in the Abhidharma traditions: the state free from the conditions that created samsara. Nirvana was the ultimate and final state attained when the supramundane yogic path had been completed. It represented salvation from samsara precisely because it was understood to comprise a state of complete freedom from the chain of samsaric causes and conditions, i.

Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 17 February Emancipation, release, or liberation. The Sanskrit words vimukti, mukti, and moksha also have the same meaning. Vimoksha means release from the bonds of earthly desires, delusion, suffering, and transmigration.

While Buddhism sets forth various kinds and stages of emancipation, or enlightenment, the supreme emancipation is nirvana, a state of perfect quietude, freedom, and deliverance. These concepts differ from one another in detail.

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See cited Ingalls reference. Harris, Albany, NY, pp R. Karabenick Eds. Elsevier, pp. Thus we can see in the Upanishads, a tendency towards a convergence of microcosm and macrocosm, culminating in the equating of atman with Brahman". Aiyar Transl. Collected Papers on Jaina Studies. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publ. Religion and Anthropology: A Critical Introduction. Cambridge University Press.

State University of New York Press. PM Press. Jayatilleke Facets of Buddhist Thought: Collected Essays.

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Buddhist Publication Society. Manchester University Press.


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    A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. Ryan Encyclopedia of Hinduism. For example, Mimamsa school considers moksha as release into svarga heaven , it does not recognize samsara; while Nyaya school considers moksha as linked to samsara and a release from it; See: The Purva-Mimamsa Sutra of Jaimini , Transl: M.