In , when the Iraqi army occupied parts of the Iranian soil, the MEK were quick to take up arms and defend their homeland. But as soon as the Iraqi army released its hold on Iranian land and retreated back behind international borders, the continuation of the war was no longer justified and the Mojahedin were also quick to call for peace between the two countries. Meanwhile, Khomeini insisted on continuing the war until the overthrow of the Iraqi government and the establishment of another religious tyranny identical to his own in the neighboring country.
The war provided Khomeini with the perfect pretext to suppress the demands of the people under the excuse of being at war and cracking down on all opposition forces by accusing them of weakening the government and colluding with foreign enemies. In the six years that had followed the revolution, the female members of the MEK had proven that women were at the forefront of the all-out resistance against the religious and misogynistic rule of Khomeini. Eventually, on March 10, , women found their true place in the ranks of the Mojahedin when Maryam Azdanlou Rajavi became the co-secretary general of the organization.
The event marked a turning point in the history of the Mojahedin in its struggle against the fundamentalist ideology of Khomeini, which was especially harsh toward Iranian women. The NLA became a major force against the Iranian regime. The MEK predicated its installment in Iraq on preserving its independence and the non-interference of Baghdad in the politics and operations of the Iranian Resistance, a condition that was agreed upon in bilateral negotiations with the Iraqi government.
The NLA engaged in hundreds of assaults against the military of the Iranian regime. The Iranian regime suffered 55, casualties, and on its part, the NLA lost 1, of its officers and soldiers, heroes who laid down their lives for the freedom of their country. On July 28, , the Iranian regime began a mass purge of its prisons from political prisoners, executing anyone who refused to repent their opposition to the rule of Khomeini.
The plans for the massacre began months earlier, as Khomeini became worried of the future of his regime and his tenuous hold on power. Under the pressure of the advances of the NLA and knowing that the quasi-end to the Iran-Iraq war would strip his regime of its most efficient weapon against opposition forces inside Iran, Khomeini was adamant on wiping out any individual and group that could organize protests and political activities against his regime in the post-war era.
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Groups of clerics were sent to prisons across Iran to carry out minutes-long trials for prisoners and seal their fate if they remained steadfast in their beliefs. Khomeini, who would do whatever it takes to preserve his regime, deposed Montazeri and forced him into house arrest.
When Khomeini died in , Ali Khamenei, then-president of the Iranian regime took his place. Khamenei made sure Montazeri remained in house arrest and marginalized until his death in During the s, western states engaged in a new drive of rapprochement toward the Iranian regime, hoping they could preserve their economic interests and avoid the obvious threats emanating from Tehran.
Naturally, it was the Iranian people and the MEK that paid the price of this failed policy. In , the U.
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European states replicated the U. Straw was known for his endorsement of the appeasement policy toward the Iranian regime, an attitude that made him much detested by the Iranian people inside Iran and abroad. Canada and Australia followed suit.
A Primer for the Individual and the Organization
The beginning of the appeasement policy triggered a wave of political and military pressure against the MEK and the Iranian resistance, resulting in the suffering and deaths of many innocent people. Having been through many trials and ordeals during their decades-long history, the Mojahedin were not intimidated by the show of power of the Iranian regime and its foreign cohorts.
They engaged in a legal battle that lasted more than 15 years and resulted in the victory of justice and truth. In the years that followed, the U. State Department removed the label. In , while the Iranian regime and its Iraqi proxies were trying to exterminate the MEK in Iraq, an international effort led by Mrs. The event was a major achievement for the MEK, whose members could now redouble their efforts in leading the struggle for freedom in Iran, and a major defeat for the Iranian regime, whose existence depended on destroying its main opposition.
In , an international effort led by Mrs. The Iranian regime continued to find itself in a precarious position as it started losing its international supporters while at the same time the networks of MEK supporters and activists continued to expand inside Iran.
In December , protests erupted across Iran over economic grievances, government corruption and the suppression of freedom. As a result, the protests continue in every city and corner of Iran, and protesters are calling for the overthrow of the Iranian regime, a goal that the MEK and NCRI have been striving for since The revolution In the final years of the s, a series of escalating nationwide protests started chipping away at the power of the Shah regime, which previously exuded absolute control over the country. Post The dark terror of the Khomeini regime and the founding of the NCRI On the morrow of the June 20 demonstration, the Iranian regime launched a ruthless crackdown against all opposition forces, especially the supporters and members of the MEK.
The s and s: The policy of appeasement During the s, western states engaged in a new drive of rapprochement toward the Iranian regime, hoping they could preserve their economic interests and avoid the obvious threats emanating from Tehran.
A primer on some Hindu extremist organizations
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