Tale of two cities and two continents. Sociol Int J.
PG Tips 'a tale of two continents' by Mother London
DOI: Download PDF. In this work, globalisation and immigration are discussed. One case is examined for its global value of impact of civilisations. Immigration from Africa is a daily concern for every citizen living around the Mediterranean Sea. Immigrants are distributed by governments in all big and small cities, but the inclusion process is too long to be visible, so contrasts and even hate between residents and refugees are diffused emotions.
Keywords: globalisation, immigration, unemployment, political, economic, vanishing. Globalisation is today particularly involving migration issues both for political reasons and economic options. Migration is nevertheless not without consequences for the sending, like the receiving areas. The major displacement of people since the WWII is changing the way of life of Western countries, impoverishing them, without enriching the poor areas of origin.
Many sure facts of the previous years of economic boom, gained with strong political battles, are vanishing, like assured jobs, increasing budgets, public security and efficient public services. Intangible personal and social aspects are also menaced, like respect for the persons, social cohesion, local identity and cultural pride of traditions.
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Social change is a natural process, but it has to evolve in a systematic and organized way. The melting pot of today is, at the opposite, revolving societies in a ground-breaking way, shocking stabilized organizations and turning upside down the future development of all the civilizations, instead of producing innovation. In this work we intend to examine how the processes of globalization and immigration affect the social order and the sense of historical identity of local communities. The theme has largely been discussed. Certainly a forced imposition of new inhabitants is absorbed with great difficulties, when the number of newcomers is so high.
Fan 11 debates on labour immigration which involves concerns over ethnic interactions and tensions, and security issues of illegal immigration and border control. He arguments on migration having demographic, economic, and social impacts on both sending and receiving areas. If it is valid for environmental resources, it should also be applied to the maintenance of place identity which plays a direct key role in shaping both individual and community identity. When the typical features of places are preserved, their peculiarity is highlighted, as well as the relationship between the human beings and the living environment.
Such a heritage, in relation to the place features, can be an important life anchor for future generations as a part of history and tradition, especially now, when relationships are characterized by high mobility and virtualization. The place dimension emphasizes the place characteristics of attachment, including spatial level, specificity, and the prominence of social or physical elements.
First: the attachment is based on individually and collectively meanings; the second dimension is the psychological process: how, affects, cognition, and behaviour are manifested in the attachment.
The refugees. A tale of two continents. Part II.–In the New World (chaps. XXXI-XXXIV)
The third dimension includes place characteristics: attachment to, and nature of a place. Globalization could be a good thing, but may also be a global turmoil. Globalization is based on free movements of people, money and things, but freedom has to be regulated and organized, since freedom, without borders, even virtual ones, may be transformed into war, because of the huge number of people on the Earth.
Global connection needs rules, orders and better policies or a constructed net. In social terms, globalization has been converted today into irregular migration flows, and, in economic terms, every political unity, tries to escape the crisis with contingent solutions. Probably we can speak about a global war, since fundamentalist Muslim bring terrorism all around the world, and poor escaping wars and poverty bring social disruption also all around the world.
Today the Muslim extremism is following its goal of a global war against infidels. That makes a great burden on few Mediterranean States, which, affected by the crisis, are not more able to sustain hundreds of thousands of immigrants.
This is particularly true for Greece, Malta, Spain, Italy. According to Begum, local strategies have to be formed and reformed again. Nowadays solutions have to be found to face the waves of millions of immigrants. Facilities must be created, both for accepting or refusing them, for temporary hosting or for creating ways of integration. Certainly the life of all will change very fast, surely economy will never more coming out from crisis, our lifestyle must adapt to a melting pot. Our ethics, our nutrition, our education, our politics, our languages will surely change, in some ways into better, in some others, probably worse ways.
In many western cities, migration is producing the conditions of the bidonvilles of the third and fourth world. Nice and elegant cities are surrounded by an even larger zone of migrant settlers, and are characterized by an increasing inequality and poverty. Some of these zones contain millions of citizens who lack basic services, security and health care. Albaneses 17 states that the globalization of organized crime is upon us. Development, education, lifestyles, religions of the different States are so different that a global understanding is only a mere utopia, like it is everyday demonstrated by terrorist attacks.
Crime has a spatial structure that can be revealed by mapping. We aim to focus the problematic of immigration clash or, eventually, integration based on a case study in an area about which we have personal knowledge.
Ferrara is an ancient city, which had known great fame during the Renaissance, thanks to the enlighted dynasty of the Princes of Este. The huge historic period had stimulated an incredible flourishing of arts and literature, whose imprinting is vital until today. The cultural heritage has made people proud of the city traditions, increasing the educational background, affirmed by the resonance of the six hundred years of University.
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The most renowned faculty of medicine has gained large resonance for research and innovation. At the same time, the city has passed through periods of tranquillity and quality life style. Every year the remembrances and costumes of the past are remembered in a special event and city celebrations. This has created a fundamental social identity and local cohesion.
This peculiarity had evolved towards negative implications during the bourgeoning period of industrialisation. Until today, economy remains especially based on the primary sector, incremented by a tertiary sector, persisting the secondary sector in a limited percentage, letting today the provincial economy as one of the last developed of the rich region of Emilia-Romagna. This situation has converted Ferrara into a fragile city, with declining economy, rising unemployment, falling birth rates, increasing ageing with cumulative costs of social assistance.
In facts, after the collapse of the Russian scenario, many health workers, especially from Poland or Ukraine have arrived, applying for domestic aid, offering assistance for the large number of elders, even if, historically, migration had always occurred only from the surrounding countryside. We are now at the second generation of East Europe immigrants, following the relatives arrived during the wave generated by the Russian Federation collapse.
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The fluxes are continually changing, at the present; the major ethnic group is that of Nigerians. It seems difficult to find the origin of the immigration of this category. If no one occupies the residences, the landlords prefer to rent them at a progressively lower prices, accepting also people without references.
Ferrara is one of the few cities in the world to be protected and nominated for the entire dimension of its walls circle. Accetturo 24 examine the impact of immigration on segregation patterns and housing prices in urban areas. The authors develop a spatial equilibrium model that shows how the effect of an immigrant inflow in a district affects local housing prices through changes in how natives perceive the quality of their local amenities and how this influences their mobility.
They test the predictions of the model by using a novel dataset on housing prices and population variables at the district level for a sample of 20 large Italian cities. They find that immigration raises average house prices at the city level, while it reduces price growth in the district affected by the inflows.
These findings are consistent with a negative effect of immigrants on native's perceived local amenities. A particular case about buildings value variation and occupation over times concerns a skyscraper, constructed in a strategic position in the city centre of Ferrara, near the railway station. It had been a discussed case between administration and population, during its construction, since its shape is too divergent from the urban style and from the typical low profile of an ancient city of medieval origins. Just after its construction, the middle classes feel pleased to reside there, but with the course of time, the costs of the maintenance increased rapidly, being the building a popular — say - low price structure, constructed in a hurry, in times of lack of residences accessible for the inhabitants coming from the countryside.
Being the only one skyscraper in the city and surroundings, the services of maintenance were not at all appropriate, or progressively more expensive than foreseen. The costs of services had tremendously increased in the last decades, especially those of electricity and hitting, which in this location were centrally managed and distributed towards each apartment.
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The prices of this tall building continued to descend, until a second wave of Chinese population, who principally appreciated the diminution of costs, dominated the housing market and bought the major parts of the ill-reputed edifice. With people interested in the low prices, instead of high quality residence, the maintenance of this building and others had fallen in charge of the local administration, which pays rent and restoration of flats occupied by the poorer citizens and immigrants. African residents are quite exclusively young men, of the last immigration, who, as refugees, are not requested to work.
They enjoy all the night inside and outside, along the garden adjacent to the towers. The consequence of that is that all the city quarter has initiated a descending way of decadence. Bars, hotels, restaurants, shops are closing, due to the danger of people who during the night become drug smugglers.